English to Txtana Dictionary


1125 English words listed.

------------ a a a ------------
abide[vi]miroAs opposed to be alive: live; reside; dwell
able to[v]tibalo can
abnormal[adj]idesa strange; unexpected
about[prep]kiOn the subject of, concern for; to play at a game as "fulo ki gialu" = "play ball": concerning; for; at
above[prep]upira
accident[n]igeju: igejuilit: without cause: coincidence
accompanied by[prep]uta with; having
actual[adj]rune real
additional[adj]atikaBeyond the original amount: more
adjective[sufx]~aidumuru -> dumurai
advanced[adj]apente developed; evolved
advancement[n]pientu: pienti: pienta evolution; growth
affection[n]maidu love
after this[prep]paxama then; after which
after which[prep]paxama after this; then
afterwards[conj]paxa then; later
again[adv]o'ola once more; repeatedly
aged[adj]venua elderly; old
ages [~a][n]sumu: suma eons [~a]; time; times [~a]
agree with[adj]kapela harmonious with; true to; consistent with
aid[v]anubo help; assist
aid[n]anobu assitance; help
alive [adj][n-adj]abozu: abozi: aboza: abozenai living thing; life
all[adj]kilaeach and every one: every; each
allow[v]otxako permit
allow[v]liso permit
almost[mod]wegemodifies an adjective: nearly
alone[adj]ile only; lone; sole
alphabet[n]sedesu: sedesui: sedesa letter; character; lettering [~a]
also[adv]susa too
amiable [adj][n-adj]semaju: semaji: semaja; semajenai friend; companion; friendship; friendly [adj]
ammunition[n]txanku: txakui: txanka bullet
among[prep]emana between
ancestor[n-adj]purapadaru: purapadarenai ancstral [adj]; grandparent
ancstral [adj][n-adj]purapadaru: purapadarenai grandparent; ancestor
and[conj]a
anger[n]vagoru
animal[n]vudu: vudui: vudaNon-domesticated animal; plural-en: wildlife: wild animal; beast; creature
announcement[n]sibonu: sibonui proclamation; declaration
another[adj]sobinaAn object distinct from the one mentioned: various; other kinds of; other
answer[n]hutaru: hutari solution
anticipate[v]deso expect
any[num]aneThe number one; also used to signify "any" and "some" in some contexts: one
any place[n]anepadenuUsed like a noun: anywhere
any time[n]anesumuSetxe anesumu itxaso xatu... if you ever plan to leave...: ever; sometime
anywhere[n]anepadenuUsed like a noun: any place
ape[n-adj]mataku: matakui: matakenai primate; ape-like [adj]
ape-like [adj][n-adj]mataku: matakui: matakenai ape; primate
appear to be[v]vayoCopular verb: seem
appreciated[adj]maite cherished; dear; prized; valued
appreciation[n]prexiu tankfulness; gratitude
archway[n]dekaru: dekariAn opening without a door: entrance; entryway
arduous[adj]titxa hard; difficult
arm[n]buju: bujuiAnatomical arm; also branch of a tree: branch; limb
arrangement[n]luyatu: luyatui pattern; plan
arrow[n]tsaru: tsara
as[prep]ajiFor the purpose of: Bricks for building: for
ascend[v]urahato climb; scale
ask[v]atxto inquire about
assemble[v]yojeto build; construct
assembly[n]ekatu: ekatui: ekata~a is mass noun "group", "collection": group [~a]; meeting; gathering
assist[v]anubo aid; help
assitance[n]anobu help; aid
at[prep]txaIn or at a named location: in; located
at[prep]tain the direction of a destination; looking, facing, moving toward or at: to; toward
at[adv]moiat the time of: while; when; during
at[prep]kiOn the subject of, concern for; to play at a game as "fulo ki gialu" = "play ball": about; concerning; for
at that time[adv]misuma then
attention[n]mamaruThe act of being interested in something: curiosity; concern; interest
attitude[n]sesalu disposition; temprement
attractive[adj]elane pretty
avoid[v]txahato shun; elude
await[v]agamoUsed both transitively and intransitively "I will wait", "I will wait-for you".: wait for; wait
axe[n]kyaku: kyakui tomahawk; hatchet
------------ b b b ------------
baby[n]balalu: balali infant
bake[v]kuzo cook
bald[adj]ifolen ailit: without hair
ball[n]gialu: gialiUsually refers to a toy or a sport involving a ball as in "fulo ki gialu" = "play ball": sphere
ban[v]iotxako forbid; disallow
barbarian[n-adj]kiratu: kiratui: kiratenai barbaric [adj]; primative
barbaric [adj][n-adj]kiratu: kiratui: kiratenai primative; barbarian
barricade[n-adj]wakiru: wakiri; wakirai [adj]A free-standing wall as opposed to wall of a building: wall; fence; barrier; partition
barrier[n-adj]wakiru: wakiri; wakirai [adj]A free-standing wall as opposed to wall of a building: partition; barricade; wall; fence
bashful[adj]irimane shy; introverted
bat[n]bajamu: bajamui club
bath[n]nabetu
bathe[v]nabetoTo enter the water for any purpose: swim
be[vi]edo exist
bear[n-adj]uradu: uradi: uradenai ursine [adj]
bearing[n]disanu: disaniPoint of the compass: direction
beast[n]vudu: vudui: vudaNon-domesticated animal; plural-en: wildlife: creature; animal; wild animal
beat[v]teroTo strike rhythmically: drum
beat[v]padamo strike; pound
because[conj]yotaFor this reason...
become[vt]uxato turn into
before[prep]tepiraPreceding something in space rather than in time: in front of
before[prep]puraPreceding in time rather than space
begin[v]malo commence; start
beginning[n]amalu: amali origin
behind[prep]pepasa
belief[n]vesasu: vesasi: vesasa~en is mass noun, scripture, a body of dogma: dogma
believe in[n]vizatoTo take on faith, to take for granted: trust
belonging to[prt]pa of
between[prep]emana among
beyond[prep]jemba surpassing; exceeding; not including; except for; excluding
big[adj]maga great; large
bind[v-adj]gumo: gumenai bound [adj]; tied [adj]; fastened [adj]; connect; fasten; join
binding[n]gumanu: gumani bonds; connection; link; tie
bird[n]xakanu: xakanui
birth[n]yoyoloActive: giving birth; with passive particle na, being born; coming into existence: born
bit[n]tiamu: tiamaA small amount; An incremetal portion of: smidgen; particle; portion; part of
bitterness[n]kyetu envy; resentment
blade[n]txeku: txekui dagger; knife
blotch[n-adj]dozu: dozi: dozai spotted [adj]; dot; spot
body[n]balisu: balisiPortion of the anatomy to which legs and arms are attached: trunk
bonds[n]gumanu: gumani connection; link; tie; binding
bone[n]ktiku: ktiki: ktika
bonnet[n]sarutu: saruti hat; cap
born[n]yoyoloActive: giving birth; with passive particle na, being born; coming into existence: birth
both[pron]tosenauThe two of us; the two of them
bottle[n]metambu: metambi: metambaContainer for liquids, esp. with a closure: jug; container
bottom[n-adj]gedau: gedai
bound [adj][v-adj]gumo: gumenai tied [adj]; fastened [adj]; connect; fasten; join; bind
bow[n]txiyu: txiyaAs in bow and arrow: txiyu a tsaru
bowl[n]ugatu: ugatiContainer for food or water, esp. cooking vessel: kettle; vessel; pot
boy[n]matxenu; matxenui lad; young man
brain[n]situ: sitiMetaphorical life source: soul; spirit; heart
branch[n]buju: bujuiAnatomical arm; also branch of a tree: limb; arm
break[v]busto shatter; destroy
bright[adj]lukenai luminous; glowing; shiny
broad[adj]pitela extensive; wide
broken[adj]abuste disconnected
build[v]yojeto construct; assemble
bullet[n]txanku: txakui: txanka ammunition
burning[n-adj]inuzu: inuzi: inuza: inuzaia flame; plural: flames; ~a: fire: fire; flame
but[conj]go however
------------ c c c ------------
cabin[n]gatu: gatiSmall shelter or living quarters;: hut; shed
call[v]jampoMajampo = to be called, to be named: designate; name
can[v]tibalo able to
canine[n-adj]saupanu: saupani; saupenai dog
cap[n]sarutu: saruti bonnet; hat
capture[v]ruedo catch
care[n]pakor caution; vigilance; wariness; watchfulness
careful[adj-adv]pakorenai carefully; delicately; cautious; cautiously
carefully[adj-adv]pakorenai delicately; cautious; cautiously; careful
carefully[adj-adv]numadeIn detail; meticulously; diligently: thorough; thoroughly; closely
carpet[n]danjunu: danjunuiany woven artwork: tapestry
carry[v]nyato transport
cart[v]segadu: segadui wagon
cat[n-adj]pelu: pelui: pelenai feline [adj]
catch[v]ruedo capture
category[n]pielu: pieluiThings belonging to the same type: class; type; kind
cause[n]geju: gejui reason
cause[v]devaro make happen
caution[n]pakor vigilance; wariness; watchfulness; care
cautious[adj-adv]pakorenai cautiously; careful; carefully; delicately
cautiously[adj-adv]pakorenai careful; carefully; delicately; cautious
cave[n]ka'anu: ka'anui cavern
cavern[n]ka'anu: ka'anui cave
cemetary[n]sanxu: sanxi grave; graveyard
center[adj]sente middle
change[vi]pentoChange from within as opposed to being changed by external force or influence: grow; transform; evolve
character[n]sedesu: sedesui: sedesa lettering [~a]; alphabet; letter
chaste[adj]idusakai pure; undefiled
cherished[adj]maite dear; prized; valued; appreciated
chief[n]jabaru: jabari leader
child[n-adj]gendu: gendui: gendai childish [adj]
childish [adj][n-adj]gendu: gendui: gendai child
chop[v]hakyato hack
chuckle[v]yasato laugh
circle[n-adj]dumuru: dumuri: dumurai
civilization[n-adj]sofalu: sofalui: sofala; solfalai culture; civilized [adj]; cultured [adj]
civilized [adj][n-adj]sofalu: sofalui: sofala; solfalai cultured [adj]; civilization; culture
clan[n]raharu: rahari tribe
class[n]pielu: pieluiThings belonging to the same type: type; kind; category
clean[adj]xumbai tidy
clear[adj]visuda uncloudy; vivid
clever[adj]tawikai intelligent; ingenious
cliff[n-adj]besipu: besipi: besipa: besipenai precipice; steep [adj]; precipitous [adj]
climb[v]urahato scale; ascend
close to[prep]pona near
closely[adj-adv]numadeIn detail; meticulously; diligently: carefully; thorough; thoroughly
clothing[n]jetelu: jetelui: jetelaSingular is a single item of clothing, a garment; Plural-en is clothing: garment
club[n]bajamu: bajamui bat
clue[n]senku: senkui sign; indication; evidence
coat[vt]sopoTo cover over something or fill an available space with something else: fill; cover
coincidence[n]igeju: igejuilit: without cause: accident
cold[adj]xisira frigid
color[n]golam: golami
come[v]abeto happen; occur
come into[v]deko enter; go into
comfortable[adj]xukena
command[v]yanto demand
command[v]nioko demand
commence[v]malo start; begin
companion[n-adj]semaju: semaji: semaja; semajenai friendship; friendly [adj]; amiable [adj]; friend
comparative[mod]xuBefore an adjective creates a comparative: John is less-big-than Tom.: less...than
comparative[mod]maBefore an adjective creates a comparative: John is more-big-than Tom.: more...than
comprehend[v]txtato understand
comprehend[v]janeo know; understand
compromise[idiom]baio senteLit: see the middle
conceal[vt]akino hide
concern[n]mamaruThe act of being interested in something: interest; attention; curiosity
concerning[prep]kiOn the subject of, concern for; to play at a game as "fulo ki gialu" = "play ball": for; at; about
confident[adj]rimane outgoing; extroverted
confused[adj]avitxa puzzled
connect[v-adj]gumo: gumenai fasten; join; bind; bound [adj]; tied [adj]; fastened [adj]
connection[n]gumanu: gumani link; tie; binding; bonds
consider[vt]jento ponder; think about
considerate[adj-adv]harune kind; kindly
consideration[n]jenu: jenui; jenaSingular: a thought or idea; plural-en: thought; thinking: judgement; idea; thought
consistent with[adj]kapela agree with; harmonious with; true to
construct[v]yojeto assemble; build
container[n]metambu: metambi: metambaContainer for liquids, esp. with a closure: bottle; jug
contaminate[v-adj]dusako: dusakai defiled [adj]; contaminated [adj]; defile
contaminated [adj][v-adj]dusako: dusakai defile; contaminate; defiled [adj]
continent[n]txpunu: txpunui country; territory; world; land
cook[v]kuzo bake
cook stove[n]kuzai sumpu: sumpi stove; oven
corner[n]ginaruInterior corner or recess: nook
correct[adj]satxa true
cot[n]futanu: futanui sleeping pad; mattress; pallet
country[n]txpunu: txpunui territory; world; land; continent
cover[vt]sopoTo cover over something or fill an available space with something else: coat; fill
covering[n]kapasu: kapasuiAn outer wrapping or covering: wrapping; shell
cow[n]tahanu: tahani
crack[n]vitaru: vitarui split; fissure
cradle[n]rakadu: rakadui nest; den
crazy[adj]takara insane; mad
creature[n]vudu: vudui: vudaNon-domesticated animal; plural-en: wildlife: animal; wild animal; beast
crude[adj]xungai rough; uneven; raw; ragged
culture[n-adj]sofalu: sofalui: sofala; solfalai civilized [adj]; cultured [adj]; civilization
cultured [adj][n-adj]sofalu: sofalui: sofala; solfalai civilization; culture; civilized [adj]
curiosity[n]mamaruThe act of being interested in something: concern; interest; attention
cut[v]txedo sever; disconnect
------------ d d d ------------
dagger[n]txeku: txekui knife; blade
dainty[adj]kumale fragile; delicate
danger[n-adj]nitu: nitui: nita: nitenai dangerous; hazard; hazardous
dangerous[n-adj]nitu: nitui: nita: nitenai hazard; hazardous; danger
dark[adj]ratxa dim
darkness[n]ratxanu night
dawn[n-adj]patu: patai daybreak; morning
day[n-adj]adenu: adeni: adena: adenai~u/~i: a twenty four hour period; ~a: the time of daylight
daybreak[n-adj]patu: patai morning; dawn
daydream[v]mananeto imagine; dream
dead[adj]txutai
dear[adj]maite prized; valued; appreciated; cherished
death[n]maranu: marani: marana
declaration[n]sibonu: sibonui announcement; proclamation
deep[adj]sawaRefers to physical as well as metaphorical depth: profound
defile[v-adj]dusako: dusakai contaminate; defiled [adj]; contaminated [adj]
defiled [adj][v-adj]dusako: dusakai contaminated [adj]; defile; contaminate
delicate[adj]kumale dainty; fragile
delicately[adj-adv]pakorenai cautious; cautiously; careful; carefully
demand[v]yanto command
demand[v]nioko command
den[n]rakadu: rakadui cradle; nest
depart[v]itxaso leave
dependable[adj]tiare solid; steadfast; faithful
designate[v]jampoMajampo = to be called, to be named: name; call
designation[n]jampu: jampui name
desire[v]raxo like; prefer
desire[n]gematu: gematui: gemataSingular is a particular wish or hope, ~a is hope in general: wish; hope
desire[v]gemato want; wish for
destroy[v]busto break; shatter
developed[adj]apente evolved; advanced
die[v]txuto pass away; expire
different from[prep]numpa unlike
difficult[adj]titxa arduous; hard
dim[adj]ratxa dark
diminutive[sfx]~enuAfixed to a noun to indicate familiarity or affection: familiar
direction[n]disanu: disaniPoint of the compass: bearing
disallow[v]iotxako ban; forbid
discipline[v]netxyko(nəʧko): punish
disconnect[v]txedo cut; sever
disconnected[adj]abuste broken
discover[v]uwido uncover; find
discovery[n]widaxu revelation
disperse[v]patiro sow seed; scatter; spread around
display[vt]viado divulge; tell; explain; reveal; expose
dispose of[vt]vago get rid of; remove
disposition[n]sesalu temprement; attitude
distance[n-adj]jamu: jamui; jamai expanse; distant [adj]; far away [adj]
distant [adj][n-adj]jamu: jamui; jamai far away [adj]; distance; expanse
distant from[prep]jamosa far away from
divulge[vt]viado tell; explain; reveal; expose; display
dog[n-adj]saupanu: saupani; saupenai canine
dogma[n]vesasu: vesasi: vesasa~en is mass noun, scripture, a body of dogma: belief
doll[n]kalemu: kalemui
dot[n-adj]dozu: dozi: dozai spot; blotch; spotted [adj]
down[n-adv-adj]koenu: koena: koenai downward
downward[n-adv-adj]koenu: koena: koenai down
drag[v]xiapo pull
drawing[n]tokonu: tokoni illustration; picture
dream[v]mananeto daydream; imagine
dress[n]xydanu; xydani skirt; toga; frock
drive[v]sekalo stear; propel; motivate
drug[n-adj]beju: bejui: beja: bejanai narcotic
drum[v]teroTo strike rhythmically: beat
drum[n]teramdu: teramdi
during[prep]poaOver a period of time or space: for three days or for ten miles: for
during[adv]moiat the time of: at; while; when
dusk[n]ipatuend of daylight: sunset
dwell[vi]miroAs opposed to be alive: abide; live; reside
------------ e e e ------------
each[adj]kilaeach and every one: all; every
early[adj]adena young; youthful
earth[n]txama soil; ground
earth[n]eduruHome planet
east[n-adv]repata eastward
eastward[n-adv]repata east
effort[n]kamanta labor; exertion; work
elderly[adj]venua old; aged
elevate[v]kareto pick up; raise; lift
elude[v]txahato avoid; shun
embarrassing[adj]xagave humiliating; humbling
embrace[v]linko encircle; surround; hug
encircle[v]linko surround; hug; embrace
enter[v]deko go into; come into
entering[prep]axaMotion from the outside into a containing object: into
entrance[n]dekaru: dekariAn opening without a door: entryway; archway
entryway[n]dekaru: dekariAn opening without a door: archway; entrance
envy[n]kyetu resentment; bitterness
envy[n]kyeto resent
eons [~a][n]sumu: suma time; times [~a]; ages [~a]
equipment[n]gotamu: gotami; gotamasingular is a single tool or item of equipment; ~a is collective = equipment: tool
eternal [adj][n-adj]isumu: isumenailit: without time; timeless: timeless [adj]; eternity; forever
eternity[n-adj]isumu: isumenailit: without time; timeless: forever; eternal [adj]; timeless [adj]
even now[adv]taveSomething that continues even now: still; yet
ever[n]anesumuSetxe anesumu itxaso xatu... if you ever plan to leave...: sometime; any time
every[adj]kilaeach and every one: each; all
evidence[n]senku: senkui clue; sign; indication
evolution[n]pientu: pienti: pienta growth; advancement
evolve[vi]pentoChange from within as opposed to being changed by external force or influence: change; grow; transform
evolved[adj]apente advanced; developed
examine[vt]igoro scrutinize; inspect
exceeding[prep]jemba not including; except for; excluding; beyond; surpassing
except for[prep]jemba excluding; beyond; surpassing; exceeding; not including
excluding[prep]jemba beyond; surpassing; exceeding; not including; except for
exertion[n]kamanta work; effort; labor
exist[vi]edo be
expand[v-adj]paseto: pasytai growing [adj]; expanding [adj]; increasing [adj]; grow; increase
expanding [adj][v-adj]paseto: pasytai increasing [adj]; grow; increase; expand; growing [adj]
expanse[n-adj]jamu: jamui; jamai distant [adj]; far away [adj]; distance
expect[v]deso anticipate
expected[adj]desa normal; ordinary
expire[v]txuto die; pass away
explain[vt]viado reveal; expose; display; divulge; tell
explain[v]avedo
expose[vt]viado display; divulge; tell; explain; reveal
expression[n]keyanu: keyaniAny element of body language: gesture; posture
extensive[adj]pitela wide; broad
extremely[mod]olaBefore an adjective, intensifies that adjective: much; more; many; very
extroverted[adj]rimane confident; outgoing
eye[n]lukaru: lukari
------------ f f f ------------
face[n]magu
faithful[adj]tiare dependable; solid; steadfast
false[adj]isatxa wrong; incorrect
familiar[sfx]~enuAfixed to a noun to indicate familiarity or affection: diminutive
family[n-adj]lindu: lindui; lindaiImmediate family, esp. living in one residence: household
far away [adj][n-adj]jamu: jamui; jamai distance; expanse; distant [adj]
far away from[prep]jamosa distant from
fast[adj-adv]sija quickly [adv]; quick
fasten[v-adj]gumo: gumenai join; bind; bound [adj]; tied [adj]; fastened [adj]; connect
fastened [adj][v-adj]gumo: gumenai connect; fasten; join; bind; bound [adj]; tied [adj]
fear[n]gasatu: gasati: gasata terror; fright
feel[vt]papolo touch
feline [adj][n-adj]pelu: pelui: pelenai cat
female[n]nabu: nabuiApplies to humans and other sentient beings: woman
fence[n-adj]wakiru: wakiri; wakirai [adj]A free-standing wall as opposed to wall of a building: barrier; partition; barricade; wall
fetch[v]anito get
few[adj]nisa
fewer[adj]xuma less; smaller amount
fiber[n]vibiru: vibiri thread; string
field[n]gampu: gampui pasture; meadow
fill[vt]sopoTo cover over something or fill an available space with something else: cover; coat
final[adj]antire last
find[v]uwido discover; uncover
finger[n-adj]nagalu: nagali: nagalai
fire[n-adj]inuzu: inuzi: inuza: inuzaia flame; plural: flames; ~a: fire: flame; burning
fire pit[n]sumpu: sumpi fireplace
fireplace[n]sumpu: sumpi fire pit
fissure[n]vitaru: vitarui crack; split
flame[n-adj]inuzu: inuzi: inuza: inuzaia flame; plural: flames; ~a: fire: burning; fire
flat[adj]ilama level; planar; smooth
flesh[n]mamuza meat
fly[v]palayo
follow[v]anegoAs following another's path or course of action
food[n]gamisu: gamisaSingular a single item of food; pl: meal; ~a mass noun food: morsel; meal
foot[n]petamu: petamui paw; hoof
for[prep]uraFor the benefit of. e.g. This money is for the children: on behalf of
for[prep]poaOver a period of time or space: for three days or for ten miles: during
for[prep]kiOn the subject of, concern for; to play at a game as "fulo ki gialu" = "play ball": at; about; concerning
for[prep]ajiFor the purpose of: Bricks for building: as
forbid[v]iotxako disallow; ban
forbidden[adj]iotxakenai taboo
forest [~a][n]pitapu: pitapui: pitapa tree
forever[n-adj]isumu: isumenailit: without time; timeless: eternal [adj]; timeless [adj]; eternity
fragile[adj]kumale delicate; dainty
friend[n-adj]semaju: semaji: semaja; semajenai companion; friendship; friendly [adj]; amiable [adj]
friendly [adj][n-adj]semaju: semaji: semaja; semajenai amiable [adj]; friend; companion; friendship
friendship[n-adj]semaju: semaji: semaja; semajenai friendly [adj]; amiable [adj]; friend; companion
fright[n]gasatu: gasati: gasata fear; terror
frigid[adj]xisira cold
frock[n]xydanu; xydani dress; skirt; toga
from[prep]ida originating with
funny[adj]yasonai humorous
future tense[aux]hwiMarks verb as future
------------ g g g ------------
gallop[n]havato run; trot
garbage[n-adj]rabasu: rabasui: rabasa;rabasai trashy [adj]; junky [adj]; worthless [adj]; trash; rubbish; junk
garment[n]jetelu: jetelui: jetelaSingular is a single item of clothing, a garment; Plural-en is clothing: clothing
gash[n]zoku: zokui gouge; scratch; scuff
gather[v]ekato join with; meet
gathering[n]ekatu: ekatui: ekata~a is mass noun "group", "collection": assembly; group [~a]; meeting
gesture[n]keyanu: keyaniAny element of body language: posture; expression
get[v]anito fetch
get rid of[vt]vago remove; dispose of
ghastly[adj]gasunai terrible; horrible; horrifying
giant[adj]oxa maga huge; gigantic
gigantic[adj]oxa maga giant; huge
girl: young woman[n]nabenu: nabenuiFamilair or affectionate diminutive
give[vt]zlano/ɮɑno/
give in[v]zlanato give up; surrender
give up[v]zlanato surrender; give in
gleam[n]luku luster; shine; glow
glow[n]luku gleam; luster; shine
glow[v]luko radiate; shine
glowing[adj]lukenai shiny; bright; luminous
go[v]fatxato travel; move
go into[v]deko come into; enter
good[adj]ameleIn good condition, in good repair: sound
gouge[n]zoku: zokui scratch; scuff; gash
grab[v]txkunzo grip; hold
grandparent[n-adj]purapadaru: purapadarenai ancestor; ancstral [adj]
grass, dried[n-adj]kiza: kizaiAlso fodder or animal bedding: straw; hay; liter
gratitude[n]prexiu appreciation; tankfulness
grave[n]sanxu: sanxi graveyard; cemetary
graveyard[n]sanxu: sanxi cemetary; grave
gray[n]duxu
great[adj]maga large; big
grip[v]txkunzo hold; grab
groove[n]xedu: xedui pocket; slot; notch
ground[n]txama earth; soil
group [~a][n]ekatu: ekatui: ekata~a is mass noun "group", "collection": meeting; gathering; assembly
grow[vi]pentoChange from within as opposed to being changed by external force or influence: transform; evolve; change
grow[v-adj]paseto: pasytai increase; expand; growing [adj]; expanding [adj]; increasing [adj]
growing [adj][v-adj]paseto: pasytai expanding [adj]; increasing [adj]; grow; increase; expand
growth[n]pientu: pienti: pienta advancement; evolution
------------ h h h ------------
hack[v]hakyato chop
hair[n]folu: foliu: folaSingular is a single strand of hair; Plural-i is several strands; Plural-en is a mass noun
halt[v]ramadoCease motion or activity: stop
hand[n]akalu: akali
handle[vt]fialo manipulate
happen[v]abeto occur; come
happiness[n-adj]nenda: nendai joy; happy [adj]; joyful [adj]
happy [adj][n-adj]nenda: nendai joyful [adj]; happiness; joy
hard[adj]titxa difficult; arduous
harmonious with[adj]kapela true to; consistent with; agree with
hat[n]sarutu: saruti cap; bonnet
hatchet[n]kyaku: kyakui axe; tomahawk
have[vt]bazoalienable possesion; to have a thing that is not part of oneself: posses
have to[aux]pue must; required to
having[prep]uta accompanied by; with
hay[n-adj]kiza: kizaiAlso fodder or animal bedding: liter; grass, dried; straw
hazard[n-adj]nitu: nitui: nita: nitenai hazardous; danger; dangerous
hazardous[n-adj]nitu: nitui: nita: nitenai danger; dangerous; hazard
he[pron]halu: haliThird person male gender pronoun applies only to animate beings: him; they; them
head[n]ziru; ziri
hear[v]xato listen
heart[n]situ: sitiMetaphorical life source: brain; soul; spirit
heat[n-adj]tepanu: tepanai warmth; hot [adj]
heave[v]gipano throw; toss
help[v]anubo assist; aid
help[n]anobu aid; assitance
helpless[adj-adv]ixkenuba helplessly
helplessly[adj-adv]ixkenuba helpless
her[pron]hamuThird person female gender pronoun applies only to animate beings; no plural: she
here[n]midu: miduiEnglish adverb "there" is treated as a noun phrase: "that place": that place; there; these places; this place
herself[pron]atu: atuiReflexive modifier used with standard pronoun: ourselves; themselves; self; myself; his self
hide[n-adj]hayatu: hayatui: hayata: hayatanai skin
hide[vt]akino conceal
hideous[adj]togai ugly
high[adj]kule lofty
highlands[n-adj]lewalu: lewalui; lewala; lewalenai~a: mountain range, "the mountains": mountainous; mountain
hill[n-adj]lamu: lamui: lama: lamai~a: uneven: mound; uneven [adj]
him[pron]halu: haliThird person male gender pronoun applies only to animate beings: they; them; he
his self[pron]atu: atuiReflexive modifier used with standard pronoun: herself; ourselves; themselves; self; myself
hold[v]txkunzo grab; grip
home[n-adj]nelahu: nelahi: nelahai residence
homicidal [adj][n-adj]maredu: maredi; mareda; maredinai murderous [adj]; murder; homicide
homicide[n-adj]maredu: maredi; mareda; maredinai homicidal [adj]; murderous [adj]; murder
honest [adj][n-adj]satxanu: satxanai truthfulness; honesty
honesty[n-adj]satxanu: satxanai honest [adj]; truthfulness
hoof[n]petamu: petamui foot; paw
hope[n]gematu: gematui: gemataSingular is a particular wish or hope, ~a is hope in general: desire; wish
hopeless[adj-adv]ixkemata hopelessly
hopelessly[adj-adv]ixkemata hopeless
horrible[adj]gasunai horrifying; ghastly; terrible
horrifying[adj]gasunai ghastly; terrible; horrible
hot [adj][n-adj]tepanu: tepanai heat; warmth
hour[n]kodu: kodui: koda
household[n-adj]lindu: lindui; lindaiImmediate family, esp. living in one residence: family
however[conj]go but
hug[v]linko embrace; encircle; surround
huge[adj]oxa maga gigantic; giant
human[n-adj]yamu: yamui: yama; yamanaigender neutral term for human being: person
humbling[adj]xagave embarrassing; humiliating
humiliating[adj]xagave humbling; embarrassing
humorous[adj]yasonai funny
hunt[n]byadu
husdand[n]deru: derui mate
hut[n]gatu: gatiSmall shelter or living quarters;: shed; cabin
------------ i i i ------------
I[pron]tau: tawi first person pronoun, singular and plural: me; we; us
idea[n]jenu: jenui; jenaSingular: a thought or idea; plural-en: thought; thinking: thought; consideration; judgement
identical with[prep]abina same as
if[conj]setxe
illuminated [adj][n-adj]oloku: oloki: oloka; olokenai light; illumination; lit [adj]
illumination[n-adj]oloku: oloki: oloka; olokenai lit [adj]; illuminated [adj]; light
illustration[n]tokonu: tokoni picture; drawing
imagine[v]mananeto dream; daydream
imperative[part]doUsed in place of se or other tense markers to signal imperative when a noun or pronoun is the subject
in[prep]txaIn or at a named location: located; at
in[prep]kinta within; inside of
in front of[prep]tepiraPreceding something in space rather than in time: before
incorrect[adj]isatxa false; wrong
increase[v-adj]paseto: pasytai expand; growing [adj]; expanding [adj]; increasing [adj]; grow
increasing [adj][v-adj]paseto: pasytai grow; increase; expand; growing [adj]; expanding [adj]
incredible[adj]hajeda remarkable
indication[n]senku: senkui evidence; clue; sign
infant[n]balalu: balali baby
ingenious[adj]tawikai clever; intelligent
inquire about[v]atxto ask
insane[adj]takara mad; crazy
inside of[prep]kinta in; within
inspect[vt]igoro examine; scrutinize
intelligent[adj]tawikai ingenious; clever
interest[n]mamaruThe act of being interested in something: attention; curiosity; concern
into[prep]axaMotion from the outside into a containing object: entering
introverted[adj]irimane bashful; shy
it[pron]maku: makiThird person gender-neutral pronoun applies only to inanimate objects: they; them
------------ j j j ------------
jaw[n]kapadu: kapaduispecifically, lower jaw: jaw bone
jaw bone[n]kapadu: kapaduispecifically, lower jaw: jaw
join[v-adj]gumo: gumenai bind; bound [adj]; tied [adj]; fastened [adj]; connect; fasten
join with[v]ekato meet; gather
joy[n-adj]nenda: nendai happy [adj]; joyful [adj]; happiness
joyful [adj][n-adj]nenda: nendai happiness; joy; happy [adj]
judgement[n]jenu: jenui; jenaSingular: a thought or idea; plural-en: thought; thinking: idea; thought; consideration
jug[n]metambu: metambi: metambaContainer for liquids, esp. with a closure: container; bottle
jump[v]zluto leap
junk[n-adj]rabasu: rabasui: rabasa;rabasai garbage; trashy [adj]; junky [adj]; worthless [adj]; trash; rubbish
junky [adj][n-adj]rabasu: rabasui: rabasa;rabasai worthless [adj]; trash; rubbish; junk; garbage; trashy [adj]
------------ k k k ------------
keen[adj]tekinaSaid only of a cutting implement: pointed; sharp
kettle[n]ugatu: ugatiContainer for food or water, esp. cooking vessel: vessel; pot; bowl
kick[v]bento
kill[vt]maredo murder; slay
kind[n]pielu: pieluiThings belonging to the same type: category; class; type
kind[adj-adv]harune kindly; considerate
kindly[adj-adv]harune considerate; kind
knife[n]txeku: txekui blade; dagger
knock down[v]furolo strike down; push over
know[v]janeo understand; comprehend
knowledge[n]janama
------------ l l l ------------
labor[n]kamanta exertion; work; effort
lacking[prfx]i~e.g. isuma = i+suma = without time, eternity, forever: without
lad[n]matxenu; matxenui young man; boy
ladder[n]nexentu: nexenti
land[n]txpunu: txpunui continent; country; territory; world
language[n]hagaru: hagari
large[adj]maga big; great
last[adj]antire final
later[conj]paxa afterwards; then
laugh[v]yasato chuckle
lay[v-adj]agaro: agarenaiTo lay down; to assume or be in a reclining position: lie; recline
lead[v]jabano show the way
leader[n]jabaru: jabari chief
leap[v]zluto jump
leave[v]itxaso depart
leopard[n]dozai pelu: peluilit: spotted cat
less[adj]xuma smaller amount; fewer
less...than[mod]xuBefore an adjective creates a comparative: John is less-big-than Tom.: comparative
letter[n]sedesu: sedesui: sedesa character; lettering [~a]; alphabet
lettering [~a][n]sedesu: sedesui: sedesa alphabet; letter; character
level[adj]ilama planar; smooth; flat
lid[n]pitu peak; summit; roof; top
lie[v-adj]agaro: agarenaiTo lay down; to assume or be in a reclining position: recline; lay
life[n-adj]abozu: abozi: aboza: abozenai alive [adj]; living thing
life[n]abosumuRefering to the period of time during which an individual is alive: lifetime; lifespan
lifespan[n]abosumuRefering to the period of time during which an individual is alive: life; lifetime
lifetime[n]abosumuRefering to the period of time during which an individual is alive: lifespan; life
lift[v]kareto elevate; pick up; raise
light[n-adj]oloku: oloki: oloka; olokenai illumination; lit [adj]; illuminated [adj]
like[v]raxo prefer; desire
like[prep]ampa similar to
limb[n]buju: bujuiAnatomical arm; also branch of a tree: arm; branch
line[n-adj]pekinu: pekini: pekinaiLinear decoration: stripe
link[n]gumanu: gumani tie; binding; bonds; connection
lip[n]otu: otui mouth
listen[v]xato hear
lit [adj][n-adj]oloku: oloki: oloka; olokenai illuminated [adj]; light; illumination
liter[n-adj]kiza: kizaiAlso fodder or animal bedding: grass, dried; straw; hay
little[mod]umaBefore adjective = a small amount of quality; before noun = "semi-" or partial: slightly
little[adj]imaga small
live[vi]miroAs opposed to be alive: reside; dwell; abide
living thing[n-adj]abozu: abozi: aboza: abozenai life; alive [adj]
lizard[n-adj]uroku: uroki: urokenai reptilian [adj]; reptile
located[prep]txaIn or at a named location: at; in
location[n]padenu; padenui place
lofty[adj]kule high
lone[adj]ile sole; alone; only
long[adj]daika
look at[k]vilako view; watch
lost[adj]kane misplaced
loud[adj]nuse noisy
love[n]maidu affection
love[v]maido
luminous[adj]lukenai glowing; shiny; bright
luster[n]luku shine; glow; gleam
lynx[n]lukenai pelu: peluilit: bright cat or glowing cat
------------ m m m ------------
mad[adj]takara crazy; insane
make happen[v]devaro cause
male[n]matxu: matxi: matxa: matxenaiAlso the male of any species: man
man[n]matxu: matxi: matxa: matxenaiAlso the male of any species: male
manipulate[vt]fialo handle
manner[n]nyagu: nyagi: nyaga method; means; way
many[adj]olaiMany with singular noun; Much with collective plural form noun: more; much
many[mod]olaBefore an adjective, intensifies that adjective: very; extremely; much; more
marine [adj][n-adj]simu: simi: simai nautical [adj]; ocean; sea; oceanic [adj]; maritime [adj]
maritime [adj][n-adj]simu: simi: simai marine [adj]; nautical [adj]; ocean; sea; oceanic [adj]
mate[n]deru: derui husdand
mate[n]deramu: derami wife
mattress[n]futanu: futanui pallet; cot; sleeping pad
maximum[mod]oxaBefore an adjective intensifies that adjective to the maximum extent: most
maybe[adv]koma perhaps
me[pron]tau: tawi first person pronoun, singular and plural: we; us; I
meadow[n]gampu: gampui field; pasture
meal[n]gamisu: gamisaSingular a single item of food; pl: meal; ~a mass noun food: food; morsel
meaning[n]ajitu significance
means[n]nyagu: nyagi: nyaga way; manner; method
meat[n]mamuza flesh
meet[v]ekato gather; join with
meeting[n]ekatu: ekatui: ekata~a is mass noun "group", "collection": gathering; assembly; group [~a]
menace[n]atxetu threat
menacing[adj]atxetai threatening
method[n]nyagu: nyagi: nyaga means; way; manner
middle[adj]sente center
million[n-adj]myaronu: myaroni: myaronai
misplaced[adj]kane lost
more[adj]olaiMany with singular noun; Much with collective plural form noun: much; many
more[mod]olaBefore an adjective, intensifies that adjective: many; very; extremely; much
more[adj]atikaBeyond the original amount: additional
more...than[mod]maBefore an adjective creates a comparative: John is more-big-than Tom.: comparative
morning[n-adj]patu: patai dawn; daybreak
morsel[n]gamisu: gamisaSingular a single item of food; pl: meal; ~a mass noun food: meal; food
most[mod]oxaBefore an adjective intensifies that adjective to the maximum extent: maximum
motivate[v]sekalo drive; stear; propel
mound[n-adj]lamu: lamui: lama: lamai~a: uneven: uneven [adj]; hill
mountain[n-adj]lewalu: lewalui; lewala; lewalenai~a: mountain range, "the mountains": highlands; mountainous
mountainous[n-adj]lewalu: lewalui; lewala; lewalenai~a: mountain range, "the mountains": mountain; highlands
mouth[n]otu: otui lip
move[v]fatxato go; travel
much[adj]olaiMany with singular noun; Much with collective plural form noun: many; more
much[mod]olaBefore an adjective, intensifies that adjective: more; many; very; extremely
muddled[adj]ivisuda murky; unclear
murder[n-adj]maredu: maredi; mareda; maredinai homicide; homicidal [adj]; murderous [adj]
murder[vt]maredo slay; kill
murderous [adj][n-adj]maredu: maredi; mareda; maredinai murder; homicide; homicidal [adj]
murky[adj]ivisuda unclear; muddled
must[aux]pue required to; have to
myself[pron]atu: atuiReflexive modifier used with standard pronoun: his self; herself; ourselves; themselves; self
mystery[n]oritu: oriti puzzle; riddle; question
------------ n n n ------------
name[n]jampu: jampui designation
name[v]jampoMajampo = to be called, to be named: call; designate
narcotic[n-adj]beju: bejui: beja: bejanai drug
nationality[n]ganu: ganuiSingular collective refers to a group or nationality as opposed to the plural of person.: people
nautical [adj][n-adj]simu: simi: simai ocean; sea; oceanic [adj]; maritime [adj]; marine [adj]
near[prep]pona close to
nearly[mod]wegemodifies an adjective: almost
nest[n]rakadu: rakadui den; cradle
next[adj]lelaNext item or object in a list or sequence
night[n]ratxanu darkness
nine[num]raze
no[adj]ixinot any: none; not
noisy[adj]nuse loud
none[adj]ixinot any: not; no
nook[n]ginaruInterior corner or recess: corner
normal[adj]desa ordinary; expected
north[n-adj]rena; renai northern [adj]
northern [adj][n-adj]rena; renai north
nose[n]naziku: nazikui
not[adj]ixinot any: no; none
not including[prep]jemba except for; excluding; beyond; surpassing; exceeding
notch[n]xedu: xedui groove; pocket; slot
now[n]yuAs the prsent moment; isumenai yu: "the eternal now": present
------------ o o o ------------
object to[v]ikosato protest
occur[v]abeto come; happen
ocean[n-adj]simu: simi: simai sea; oceanic [adj]; maritime [adj]; marine [adj]; nautical [adj]
oceanic [adj][n-adj]simu: simi: simai maritime [adj]; marine [adj]; nautical [adj]; ocean; sea
of[prt]pa belonging to
old[adj]venua aged; elderly
omnipresent[adj]unzitai universal; ubiquitous
on[prep]unze upon
on behalf of[prep]uraFor the benefit of. e.g. This money is for the children: for
once more[adv]o'ola repeatedly; again
one[num]aneThe number one; also used to signify "any" and "some" in some contexts: any
only[adj]ile lone; sole; alone
or[conj]ya
ordinary[adj]mise simple; plain
ordinary[adj]desa expected; normal
origin[n]amalu: amali beginning
originating with[prep]ida from
other[adj]sobinaAn object distinct from the one mentioned: another; various; other kinds of
other kinds of[adj]sobinaAn object distinct from the one mentioned: other; another; various
ourselves[pron]atu: atuiReflexive modifier used with standard pronoun: themselves; self; myself; his self; herself
out of[prep]muzaMotion from the inside to the outside of some containing object
outgoing[adj]rimane extroverted; confident
oven[n]kuzai sumpu: sumpi cook stove; stove
------------ p p p ------------
pallet[n]futanu: futanui cot; sleeping pad; mattress
palm[n]hatu; hatiof the hand
parent[n-adj]padaru: paradi: padarenai parental [adj]
parental [adj][n-adj]padaru: paradi: padarenai parent
part of[n]tiamu: tiamaA small amount; An incremetal portion of: bit; smidgen; particle; portion
particle[n]tiamu: tiamaA small amount; An incremetal portion of: portion; part of; bit; smidgen
partition[n-adj]wakiru: wakiri; wakirai [adj]A free-standing wall as opposed to wall of a building: barricade; wall; fence; barrier
pass away[v]txuto expire; die
passive prefix[prfx]na~Puts the verb in the passive voice
past[n]diadaRefers to "the past" as an expanse of time gone by
past tense[aux]donaMarks verb as past, past perfect
past tense[aux]da perfective aspect
pasture[n]gampu: gampui meadow; field
pattern[n]luyatu: luyatui plan; arrangement
paw[n]petamu: petamui hoof; foot
peaceful[adj]xante serene
peak[n]pitu summit; roof; top; lid
people[n]ganu: ganuiSingular collective refers to a group or nationality as opposed to the plural of person.: nationality
perfective aspect[aux]da past tense
perhaps[adv]koma maybe
permit[v]otxako allow
permit[v]liso allow
person[n-adj]yamu: yamui: yama; yamanaigender neutral term for human being: human
pick up[v]kareto raise; lift; elevate
picture[n]tokonu: tokoni drawing; illustration
place[n]padenu; padenui location
plain[adj]mise ordinary; simple
plan[n]luyatu: luyatui arrangement; pattern
planar[adj]ilama smooth; flat; level
play[v]fulo
pocket[n]xedu: xedui slot; notch; groove
pointed[adj]tekinaSaid only of a cutting implement: sharp; keen
pond[n]sotamu: sotamiSmall body of water, natural or artificial: pool
ponder[vt]jento think about; consider
pool[n]sotamu: sotamiSmall body of water, natural or artificial: pond
portion[n]tiamu: tiamaA small amount; An incremetal portion of: part of; bit; smidgen; particle
posses[vt]bazoalienable possesion; to have a thing that is not part of oneself: have
possessive[sufx]~desemaja pa jambaru = jambarude semaja
posture[n]keyanu: keyaniAny element of body language: expression; gesture
pot[n]ugatu: ugatiContainer for food or water, esp. cooking vessel: bowl; kettle; vessel
pound[v]padamo beat; strike
power[n]bahalu strength
powerful[adj]bahalenai strong
precipice[n-adj]besipu: besipi: besipa: besipenai steep [adj]; precipitous [adj]; cliff
precipitous [adj][n-adj]besipu: besipi: besipa: besipenai cliff; precipice; steep [adj]
prefer[v]raxo desire; like
preferable[adv-adj]vataneAlso used to express "A rather than B" as "A vatane ki B": prefered; preferably; rather
preferably[adv-adj]vataneAlso used to express "A rather than B" as "A vatane ki B": rather; preferable; prefered
prefered[adv-adj]vataneAlso used to express "A rather than B" as "A vatane ki B": preferably; rather; preferable
present[n]yuAs the prsent moment; isumenai yu: "the eternal now": now
present tense[part]sePresent tense particle. Not always used. The absence of any tense particle implies present.
present tense[aux]eneMarks verb as present or present progressive. Rarely used as lack of tense aux implies present.
preserve[v]sakemoMake safe from danger: protect; save; secure
pretty[adj]elane attractive
previous[adj]polaPrevious item or object in a list or sequence: prior
primate[n-adj]mataku: matakui: matakenai ape-like [adj]; ape
primative[n-adj]kiratu: kiratui: kiratenai barbarian; barbaric [adj]
prior[adj]polaPrevious item or object in a list or sequence: previous
prized[adj]maite valued; appreciated; cherished; dear
proclamation[n]sibonu: sibonui declaration; announcement
profound[adj]sawaRefers to physical as well as metaphorical depth: deep
promise[v]salemo vow
propel[v]sekalo motivate; drive; stear
protect[v]sakemoMake safe from danger: save; secure; preserve
protest[v]ikosato object to
pull[v]xiapo drag
punish[v]netxyko(nəʧko): discipline
pure[adj]idusakai undefiled; chaste
push over[v]furolo knock down; strike down
puzzle[n]oritu: oriti riddle; question; mystery
puzzled[adj]avitxa confused
------------ q q q ------------
question[n]oritu: oriti mystery; puzzle; riddle
quick[adj-adv]sija fast; quickly [adv]
quickly[adv]lufa
quickly [adv][adj-adv]sija quick; fast
quiet[adj]inuse silent
quietly[adv]garuna
------------ r r r ------------
radiate[v]luko shine; glow
ragged[adj]xungai crude; rough; uneven; raw
rain[v]visanoRequires neither subject nor object
rain[n]vasenaMass noun
raise[v]kareto lift; elevate; pick up
rarely[adv]datxe seldom
rather[adv-adj]vataneAlso used to express "A rather than B" as "A vatane ki B": preferable; prefered; preferably
raw[adj]xungai ragged; crude; rough; uneven
real[adj]rune actual
realize[v]txtavo/ʧtɑvo/: recognize
reason[n]geju: gejui cause
recline[v-adj]agaro: agarenaiTo lay down; to assume or be in a reclining position: lay; lie
recognize[v]txtavo/ʧtɑvo/: realize
red[adj]hrute
refuge[n]xatu: xatiAny place, natural or artificial, protected from the elements: shelter
remain[v]taso stay
remarkable[adj]hajeda incredible
remove[vt]vago dispose of; get rid of
repeatedly[adv]o'ola again; once more
reptile[n-adj]uroku: uroki: urokenai lizard; reptilian [adj]
reptilian [adj][n-adj]uroku: uroki: urokenai reptile; lizard
required to[aux]pue have to; must
resent[n]kyeto envy
resentment[n]kyetu bitterness; envy
reside[vi]miroAs opposed to be alive: dwell; abide; live
residence[n-adj]nelahu: nelahi: nelahai home
reveal[vt]viado expose; display; divulge; tell; explain
revelation[n]widaxu discovery
riddle[n]oritu: oriti question; mystery; puzzle
ride[v]palekoIn or on a vehicle as a passenger
rifle[n]parilu: parili: palrila
rite[n-adj]putxanu: putxani: putxanai ritualistic [adj]; ritual
ritual[n-adj]putxanu: putxani: putxanai rite; ritualistic [adj]
ritualistic [adj][n-adj]putxanu: putxani: putxanai ritual; rite
rock[n-adj]piatu: piati: piata: piatai~a: mass substance; ~ai: stoney or made of stone: stoney [adj]; stone
roof[n]pitu top; lid; peak; summit
rotate[v]txaletoTurn from side to side: shake; turn; twist
rough[adj]xungai uneven; raw; ragged; crude
rubbish[n-adj]rabasu: rabasui: rabasa;rabasai junk; garbage; trashy [adj]; junky [adj]; worthless [adj]; trash
run[n]havato trot; gallop
------------ s s s ------------
saber-tooth tiger[n]txekai tantu peluLit: knife-ADJ tooth cat
safe[adj]kema secure
sail[n]laguru: laguri
same as[prep]abina identical with
sand[n]nasu: nasa; nasa; nasenaiSingular is a single grain of sand. ~a: mass noun
sandstone[n]piatai nasaMass noun only; no singular
save[v]sakemoMake safe from danger: secure; preserve; protect
say[v]ado speak; talk
scale[v]urahato ascend; climb
scatter[v]patiro spread around; disperse; sow seed
scratch[n]zoku: zokui scuff; gash; gouge
scream[v]gayayo shout; yell
scrutinize[vt]igoro inspect; examine
scuff[n]zoku: zokui gash; gouge; scratch
sea[n-adj]simu: simi: simai oceanic [adj]; maritime [adj]; marine [adj]; nautical [adj]; ocean
search[v]ryeto seek
secure[adj-adv]taitxa securely; tight; tightly
secure[v]sakemoMake safe from danger: preserve; protect; save
secure[adj]kema safe
securely[adj-adv]taitxa tight; tightly; secure
see[v]baio
seek[v]ryeto search
seem[v]vayoCopular verb: appear to be
seldom[adv]datxe rarely
self[pron]atu: atuiReflexive modifier used with standard pronoun: myself; his self; herself; ourselves; themselves
September[n]RazemtuLit: nine-month
serene[adj]xante peaceful
seven[num]gene
sever[v]txedo disconnect; cut
shake[v]txaletoTurn from side to side: turn; twist; rotate
sharp[adj]tekinaSaid only of a cutting implement: keen; pointed
shatter[v]busto destroy; break
she[pron]hamuThird person female gender pronoun applies only to animate beings; no plural: her
shed[n]gatu: gatiSmall shelter or living quarters;: cabin; hut
shell[n]kapasu: kapasuiAn outer wrapping or covering: covering; wrapping
shelter[n]xatu: xatiAny place, natural or artificial, protected from the elements: refuge
shine[n]luku glow; gleam; luster
shine[v]luko glow; radiate
shiny[adj]lukenai bright; luminous; glowing
shout[v]gayayo yell; scream
show the way[v]jabano lead
shun[v]txahato elude; avoid
shy[adj]irimane introverted; bashful
sign[n]senku: senkui indication; evidence; clue
significance[n]ajitu meaning
silent[adj]inuse quiet
similar to[prep]ampa like
simple[adj]mise plain; ordinary
sit[v]eseto
six[num]sepe
skin[n-adj]hayatu: hayatui: hayata: hayatanai hide
skirt[n]xydanu; xydani toga; frock; dress
skull[n]ziru ktiku
slay[vt]maredo kill; murder
sleep[n]searu slumber
sleeping pad[n]futanu: futanui mattress; pallet; cot
slight[adj-adv]mandaSee also "uma": slightly
slightly[mod]umaBefore adjective = a small amount of quality; before noun = "semi-" or partial: little
slightly[adj-adv]mandaSee also "uma": slight
slot[n]xedu: xedui notch; groove; pocket
slumber[n]searu sleep
small[adj]imaga little
smaller amount[adj]xuma fewer; less
smell[v]kyazo sniff
smidgen[n]tiamu: tiamaA small amount; An incremetal portion of: particle; portion; part of; bit
smooth[adj]ilama flat; level; planar
sniff[v]kyazo smell
soil[n]txama ground; earth
sole[adj]ile alone; only; lone
solid[adj]tiare steadfast; faithful; dependable
solution[n]hutaru: hutari answer
something[pron]anemanulit: one thing
sometime[n]anesumuSetxe anesumu itxaso xatu... if you ever plan to leave...: any time; ever
soon[adv]haza
soul[n]situ: sitiMetaphorical life source: spirit; heart; brain
sound[adj]ameleIn good condition, in good repair: good
south[n-adj]redina: redinai southward
southward[n-adj]redina: redinai south
sow seed[v]patiro scatter; spread around; disperse
speak[v]gapo talk
speak[v]ado talk; say
sphere[n]gialu: gialiUsually refers to a toy or a sport involving a ball as in "fulo ki gialu" = "play ball": ball
spirit[n]situ: sitiMetaphorical life source: heart; brain; soul
split[n]vitaru: vitarui fissure; crack
spoken[adj]anxampai verbal
spot[n-adj]dozu: dozi: dozai blotch; spotted [adj]; dot
spotted [adj][n-adj]dozu: dozi: dozai dot; spot; blotch
spread around[v]patiro disperse; sow seed; scatter
stand[v]saito
start[v]malo begin; commence
stay[v]taso remain
steadfast[adj]tiare faithful; dependable; solid
steal[v]miniroTake without permission; take something not given: take
stear[v]sekalo propel; motivate; drive
steep [adj][n-adj]besipu: besipi: besipa: besipenai precipitous [adj]; cliff; precipice
stick[n]bujenu: bujeni twig
still[adv]taveSomething that continues even now: yet; even now
stone[n-adj]piatu: piati: piata: piatai~a: mass substance; ~ai: stoney or made of stone: rock; stoney [adj]
stoney [adj][n-adj]piatu: piati: piata: piatai~a: mass substance; ~ai: stoney or made of stone: stone; rock
stop[v]ramadoCease motion or activity: halt
stove[n]kuzai sumpu: sumpi oven; cook stove
strange[adj]idesa unexpected; abnormal
straw[n-adj]kiza: kizaiAlso fodder or animal bedding: hay; liter; grass, dried
strength[n]bahalu power
strike[v]padamo pound; beat
strike down[v]furolo push over; knock down
string[n]vibiru: vibiri fiber; thread
stripe[n-adj]pekinu: pekini: pekinaiLinear decoration: line
strong[adj]bahalenai powerful
summit[n]pitu roof; top; lid; peak
sun[n]adiku
sunset[n]ipatuend of daylight: dusk
surpassing[prep]jemba exceeding; not including; except for; excluding; beyond
surrender[v]zlanato give in; give up
surround[v]linko hug; embrace; encircle
swim[v]nabetoTo enter the water for any purpose: bathe
syllable[n]manku: mankui
------------ t t t ------------
taboo[adj]iotxakenai forbidden
take[vt]mino
take[v]miniroTake without permission; take something not given: steal
talk[v]gapo speak
talk[v]ado say; speak
tankfulness[n]prexiu gratitude; appreciation
tapestry[n]danjunu: danjunuiany woven artwork: carpet
tell[vt]viado explain; reveal; expose; display; divulge
temprement[n]sesalu attitude; disposition
terrible[adj]gasunai horrible; horrifying; ghastly
territory[n]txpunu: txpunui world; land; continent; country
terror[n]gasatu: gasati: gasata fright; fear
that[conj]setaIntroduces a subordinate clause: "I know that he is here."
that[det]mideDeterminer; Demostrative pronoun; "That one" as opposed to "this one": there
that[part]adaIntroduces a descriptive clause: "The man that was here...": which; who
that place[n]midu: miduiEnglish adverb "there" is treated as a noun phrase: "that place": there; these places; this place; here
them[pron]maku: makiThird person gender-neutral pronoun applies only to inanimate objects: it; they
them[pron]halu: haliThird person male gender pronoun applies only to animate beings: he; him; they
themselves[pron]atu: atuiReflexive modifier used with standard pronoun: self; myself; his self; herself; ourselves
then[prep]paxama after which; after this
then[conj]paxa later; afterwards
then[adv]misuma at that time
there[n]midu: miduiEnglish adverb "there" is treated as a noun phrase: "that place": these places; this place; here; that place
there[det]mideDeterminer; Demostrative pronoun; "That one" as opposed to "this one": that
therefore[conj]dota thus
these[det]baneSame determiner/pronoun is used for both singular and plural: this
these places[n]midu: miduiEnglish adverb "there" is treated as a noun phrase: "that place": this place; here; that place; there
they[pron]maku: makiThird person gender-neutral pronoun applies only to inanimate objects: them; it
they[pron]halu: haliThird person male gender pronoun applies only to animate beings: them; he; him
thing[n]manu: manuiUnspecified object
think about[vt]jento consider; ponder
thirteen[num]dikise
this[det]baneSame determiner/pronoun is used for both singular and plural: these
this place[n]midu: miduiEnglish adverb "there" is treated as a noun phrase: "that place": here; that place; there; these places
thorough[adj-adv]numadeIn detail; meticulously; diligently: thoroughly; closely; carefully
thoroughly[adj-adv]numadeIn detail; meticulously; diligently: closely; carefully; thorough
thought[n]jenu: jenui; jenaSingular: a thought or idea; plural-en: thought; thinking: consideration; judgement; idea
thread[n]vibiru: vibiri string; fiber
threat[n]atxetu menace
threatening[adj]atxetai menacing
three[num]kise
throw[v]gipano toss; heave
thus[conj]dota therefore
tidy[adj]xumbai clean
tie[n]gumanu: gumani binding; bonds; connection; link
tied [adj][v-adj]gumo: gumenai fastened [adj]; connect; fasten; join; bind; bound [adj]
tiger[n]pekini pelu: peluiStripe cat
tight[adj-adv]taitxa tightly; secure; securely
tightly[adj-adv]taitxa secure; securely; tight
till[conj]yava until
time[n]sumu: suma times [~a]; ages [~a]; eons [~a]
timeless [adj][n-adj]isumu: isumenailit: without time; timeless: eternity; forever; eternal [adj]
times [~a][n]sumu: suma ages [~a]; eons [~a]; time
to[prep]tain the direction of a destination; looking, facing, moving toward or at: toward; at
toe[n]petangu: petangi; petangai
toga[n]xydanu; xydani frock; dress; skirt
tomahawk[n]kyaku: kyakui hatchet; axe
too[adv]susa also
tool[n]gotamu: gotami; gotamasingular is a single tool or item of equipment; ~a is collective = equipment: equipment
tooth[n]tantu: tantui
top[n]pitu lid; peak; summit; roof
toss[v]gipano heave; throw
touch[vt]papolo feel
toward[prep]tain the direction of a destination; looking, facing, moving toward or at: at; to
transform[vi]pentoChange from within as opposed to being changed by external force or influence: evolve; change; grow
transport[v]nyato carry
trash[n-adj]rabasu: rabasui: rabasa;rabasai rubbish; junk; garbage; trashy [adj]; junky [adj]; worthless [adj]
trashy [adj][n-adj]rabasu: rabasui: rabasa;rabasai junky [adj]; worthless [adj]; trash; rubbish; junk; garbage
travel[v]fatxato move; go
tree[n]pitapu: pitapui: pitapa forest [~a]
tribe[n]raharu: rahari clan
trot[n]havato gallop; run
true[adj]satxa correct
true to[adj]kapela consistent with; agree with; harmonious with
trunk[n]balisu: balisiPortion of the anatomy to which legs and arms are attached: body
trust[n]vizatoTo take on faith, to take for granted: believe in
truth[n]satxytu
truthfulness[n-adj]satxanu: satxanai honesty; honest [adj]
try to[v]atemoE.g. Atemo zluto = try to jump
turn[v]valoChange direction of motion; alter course
turn[v]txaletoTurn from side to side: twist; rotate; shake
turn into[vt]uxato become
twenty[num]todise
twig[n]bujenu: bujeni stick
twist[v]txaletoTurn from side to side: rotate; shake; turn
two[num]tose
Txtanu[n]TxtanuThe name of this language
type[n]pielu: pieluiThings belonging to the same type: kind; category; class
------------ u u u ------------
ubiquitous[adj]unzitai omnipresent; universal
ugly[adj]togai hideous
unclear[adj]ivisuda muddled; murky
uncloudy[adj]visuda vivid; clear
uncomforatble[adj]ixukena
uncover[v]uwido find; discover
undefiled[adj]idusakai chaste; pure
understand[v]txtato comprehend
understand[v]janeo comprehend; know
uneven[adj]xungai raw; ragged; crude; rough
uneven [adj][n-adj]lamu: lamui: lama: lamai~a: uneven: hill; mound
unexpected[adj]idesa abnormal; strange
universal[adj]unzitai ubiquitous; omnipresent
unlike[prep]numpa different from
until[conj]yava till
upon[prep]unze on
ursine [adj][n-adj]uradu: uradi: uradenai bear
us[pron]tau: tawi first person pronoun, singular and plural: I; me; we
utterance[n]votu: voti word
------------ v v v ------------
valuable[adj]payune
value[n]payu worth
valued[adj]maite appreciated; cherished; dear; prized
valueless[adj]ipayune worthless
various[adj]sobinaAn object distinct from the one mentioned: other kinds of; other; another
verbal[adj]anxampai spoken
very[mod]olaBefore an adjective, intensifies that adjective: extremely; much; more; many
vessel[n]ugatu: ugatiContainer for food or water, esp. cooking vessel: pot; bowl; kettle
view[k]vilako watch; look at
vigilance[n]pakor wariness; watchfulness; care; caution
village[n]gatanuSmall collection of huts
vivid[adj]visuda clear; uncloudy
vocative marker[part]itiUsed after a proper noun or pronoun to indicate direct address
volcano[n]inuzai lewalulit: flaming mountain
vow[v]salemo promise
------------ w w w ------------
wagon[v]segadu: segadui cart
wait[v]agamoUsed both transitively and intransitively "I will wait", "I will wait-for you".: await; wait for
wait for[v]agamoUsed both transitively and intransitively "I will wait", "I will wait-for you".: wait; await
wall[n]waku: wakuiPart of a building, or an internal wall of a room or other enclosure. See also: wakiru
wall[n-adj]wakiru: wakiri; wakirai [adj]A free-standing wall as opposed to wall of a building: fence; barrier; partition; barricade
want[v]gemato wish for; desire
wariness[n]pakor watchfulness; care; caution; vigilance
warm[adj]tepai
warmth[n-adj]tepanu: tepanai hot [adj]; heat
watch[k]vilako look at; view
watchfulness[n]pakor care; caution; vigilance; wariness
water[n-adj]jalu: jaluiPlural form is used as an adjective in compound words: watery [adj]
watery [adj][n-adj]jalu: jaluiPlural form is used as an adjective in compound words: water
way[n]nyagu: nyagi: nyaga manner; method; means
we[pron]tau: tawi first person pronoun, singular and plural: us; I; me
weapon[n]sabolu: saboli
weather[n]txelaga
week[n]gedenu: gedenuiSeven day period
west[n-adj-adv]renipatu; renipatai; renipata westward
westward[n-adj-adv]renipatu; renipatai; renipata west
what[pron]gemTo form a question use gem to replace requested information: Viado ajitu gem mayu?
when[adv]moiat the time of: during; at; while
which[part]adaIntroduces a descriptive clause: "The man that was here...": who; that
while[adv]moiat the time of: when; during; at
whisper[v]xyxaso
who[part]adaIntroduces a descriptive clause: "The man that was here...": that; which
wide[adj]pitela broad; extensive
wife[n]deramu: derami mate
wild animal[n]vudu: vudui: vudaNon-domesticated animal; plural-en: wildlife: beast; creature; animal
wing[n-adj]senabu: senabui: senabenai winged [adj]
winged [adj][n-adj]senabu: senabui: senabenai wing
winter[n]xisirama
wish[n]gematu: gematui: gemataSingular is a particular wish or hope, ~a is hope in general: hope; desire
wish for[v]gemato desire; want
with[prep]uta having; accompanied by
with[prep]kuaby means of; with a manner of; e.g. proceed with caution
within[prep]kinta inside of; in
without[prfx]i~e.g. isuma = i+suma = without time, eternity, forever: lacking
woman[n]nabu: nabuiApplies to humans and other sentient beings: female
word[n]votu: voti utterance
work[n]kamanta effort; labor; exertion
world[n]txpunu: txpunui land; continent; country; territory
worth[n]payu value
worthless[adj]ipayune valueless
worthless [adj][n-adj]rabasu: rabasui: rabasa;rabasai trash; rubbish; junk; garbage; trashy [adj]; junky [adj]
wrapping[n]kapasu: kapasuiAn outer wrapping or covering: shell; covering
wrong[adj]isatxa incorrect; false
------------ y y y ------------
year[n]miyulu: miyuli
yell[v]gayayo scream; shout
yet[adv]taveSomething that continues even now: even now; still
you[pron]nau: nauiSecond person singular, plural
young[adj]adena youthful; early
young man[n]matxenu; matxenui boy; lad
youthful[adj]adena early; young